For a Florida DUI arrest to be legally prosecuted by The State law enforcement must legally make initial contact with the accused. This commonly occurs in a Florida DUI traffic stop which is dealt with on another page. Some DUI investigations initiate from consensual encounters or well-
If a reasonable person in the situation would not feel free to leave the situation becomes an investigatory stop. If a reasonable person would not feel obligated to stay the situation is a consensual encounter. Brooks v. State, 745 So.2d 1113 (Fla. 1st DCA 1999). For an investigatory stop the police must have reasonable suspicion of criminal activity. No basis is required for a consensual encounter. An officer shining a flashlight in a car is not an investigatory stop. Emergency lights, blue lights or take down lights are equivalent to an investigatory stop. Spotlight is not considered to be an investigatory stop. The use of an air horn is considered a stop requiring reasonable suspicion. If the officer’s vehicle is positioned in the path of the accused reasonable suspicion would be required. Asking for identification to perform warrant checks is not a detention but if the officer retains the license after the warrant check the consensual encounter can become a detention if no justification for the detention is established during the warrant check. Asking an individual to exit the vehicle requires reasonable suspicion of criminal activity.
An officer can investigate a vehicle if they believe the driver or occupant is ill. If an officer comes across an individual sleeping in a vehicle requesting the individual to get out of the car can create a detention. An individual was believed to be sleeping in a running car with headlights on outside of an open bar at 1:30 in the morning. Condensation had accumulated on the windows from the air conditioner. The officer knocked on the window and was unsuccessful in waking the individual. The officer then asked the accused to exit the vehicle. The court ruled that asking the accused to exit was a detention and at that point observing someone sleeping outside of a bar in a running car was not sufficient reasonable suspicion to detain the accused. Danielewicz v. State, 730 So.2d 363 (Fla. 1st DCA 1999). If an individual is in this type of situation they should be aware that the officer is performing a well-
If you are impaired by drugs or alcohol be careful not to consent to an encounter. Also remember that implied consent does not apply to field sobriety exercises. Field sobriety exercises are optional and the only consequence of not performing field sobriety exercises is The State can tell the jury you did not perform Field sobriety exercises. Police are trained to pick up on indicators of impairment. If you waive your right to be free of unconstitutional search and seizure the officer will most likely pick up on the indicators of impairment. If the officer picks up on indicators of impairment you will almost definitely be arrested for DUI. If you take a DUI breath test and pass you will almost definitely be asked to submit to a urine test. If you refuse either test you will lose your license administratively for 90 days on the first offense. If you pass the breath test and take the urine test you will be required to remain in jail until The accused is no longer under the influence and The accused's normal faculties are no longer impaired, The accused's blood/breath alcohol level is lower than 0.05; or Eight hours have elapsed from the time the accused was arrested. This applies even if you are not under the influence since it can take over a month for urine results. Even if The State Attorney's office drops your case your license will be administratively suspended for DUI refusal unless you prevail at an administrative hearing. If you are arrested for DUI in Central Florida contact Central Florida DUI Attorney Kevin Pitts.
DUI Initial Contact, Investigative Stops, Consensual Encounters and Well Being Checks
* Disclaimer: This summary was prepared by Daytona Beach DUI Attorney and former prosecutor Kevin Pitts. It should be used as a reference only. Interested parties should refer to the full text of the law before drawing legal conclusions. This is not legal advice and if you have hired an attorney you should follow their advice in resolving your Florida DUI case.